eachone 84-85

第84讲:throw to the wolves…

今天我们要给大家介绍两个由throw这个字组成的俗语。第一个是to throw to the wolves。Wolf就是狼,to throw to the wolves的意思就是:牺牲别人来解救自己。这个俗语可能是来自一个俄罗斯的民间故事。这个故事说的是,一对父母带着几个孩子坐着雪橇在雪地里行走,后面有一群狼在追他们。那个做父亲的就把他的孩子一个接着一个地扔给狼吃,这样他自己就可以安全地抵达目的地。我们来举个例子看看这个俗语在实际生活中是怎么用的:   
“The voters have been demanding that the mayor do something about all the corruption at city hall, so he threw a couple of minor officials to the wolves–he accused them of taking bribes to issue building permits and then fired them.”   
这是说:”选民们要求市长对市政府内部所有的贪污行为采取行动,于是他就把两名基层官员做牺牲品来保全他自己。他指责这两个基层官员在发放建筑许可证方面接受贿赂,然后就把他们解雇了。”   
但是,比这位市长更凶狠的人也并不少见,下面就是一个例子:   
“Louie, we’ve got to find some small-time guys to throw to the wolves for murdering that cop. Otherwise, the cops will trace the killing right back to us.”   
这是一个流氓头子在说话,他对手下的一个打手说:”路易,我们得在谋杀那个警察的事上找一些小喽罗来做牺牲品,否则,警察就要把这案件追根儿追到我们这儿来了。”   
我们下面要给大家介绍的一个俗语是:to throw the baby out with the bath water。To throw the baby out with the bath water从字面上来解释就是:在泼洗澡水的时候连孩子一起泼掉了。这是很难想象的。但是这个俗语真正表达的是:在扔掉你不要的东西时把宝贵的东西都无意地一起扔掉了。我们举个例子吧:   
“Our company thought they’d be smart and save money by stopping the bonuses they had been giving to the salesmen who sold the most cars each month. Well, they saved a little money, but they threw the baby out with the bath water–our best salesmen quit and went to work for our biggest competitor.”   
这句话的意思是:”我们公司取销了给每个月出售汽车最多的推销员奖金的制度,以为这样做很明智,可以省钱。可是,他们省了一点点钱却失掉了更有价值的东西,因为我们最好的推销员就此不干了,他到和我们竞争最激烈的公司去干了。”   
下面这个例子里的公司主管比较聪敏,他正在考虑要不要解雇那个他不满意的雇员:   
“I’d really like to fire this man tomorrow. But if I fire him, his brother will probably leave with him. His brother is one of our best people, and I don’t want to throw the baby out with the bath water.”   
他说:”我可真想明天就把那个人解雇了。但是,要是我解雇他,他的哥哥也许会和他一起走。他哥哥是我们这儿最好的雇员之一,我可不要因为解雇他弟弟而失去他。”   
今天我们讲了两个俗语,它们是:to throw to the wolves和to throw the baby out with the bath water。To throw to the wolves的意思就是:牺牲别人来解救自己。To throw the baby out with the bath water表达的是:在扔掉你不要的东西时把宝贵的东西都无意地一起扔掉了。
 
 
第85讲:throw a wet blanket on sth….

今天我们还要给大家介绍两个和throw这个字有关的习惯用语。  
A wet blanket就是一张湿的毯子。To throw a wet blanket on something就是消除别人的热情或者是破坏别人的享受。那么,这个俗语是从那儿来的呢?大家可能都注意到,每当发生火灾的时候,人们往往用湿的毯子来灭火。这个俗语还经常被用来形容那些让人感到扫兴的客人,请听下面这个例子:   
“Let’s not invite Dick to the dance–he is such a wet blanket with that sour look on his face and his boring talk.”   
这个人说:”我们开舞会可别请迪克,他那愁眉苦脸的样子,还老说那些没有人感兴趣的话,太扫兴了。”   
下面这个例子是一个人在谈论国家经济动向的问题:   
“Bad news today: the government says that corporate earnings weren’t as good as expected the last quarter. That’ll throw a wet blanket over plans of investors to get into the stock market.”   
这句话的意思是:”今天的消息可不好。政府说,上一季度私营企业的盈利并没有期望中那么好。这个消息对那些想在股票市场投资的人来说就像泼了一盆冷水一样。”   
下面我们要给大家介绍的一个习惯用语是:to throw a monkey wrench。A monkey wrench就是那种用来拧螺丝的活动扳头。要是一个工人在工作的时候不小心把扳头掉到正在运转的机器里去了,那个机器就会停顿。这也正是to throw a monkey wrench的意思,那就是影响、或终止某些本来该发生的事。下面的例子是一个人在对他的朋友诉苦:   
“The family and I planned to leave Monday for a two-week vacation in California. But the boss threw a monkey wrench into our plans today when he told me I have to go to a business meeting in New York next week.”   
他说:”我们全家计划星期一去加州两个星期渡假。但是,老板今天突然要我下星期去纽约参加一个会议,这下可把我们一家人的计划都给破坏了。”   
下面这个例子是美国人可能在新闻节目里听到的消息:   
“A federal judge threw a monkey wrench into the project to build a new oil refinery on the river. He ordered the company to stop work until they had a better plan to guard against water pollution.”   
新闻说:”联邦法官终止了在河上修建新的炼油厂的工程。他下令那个公司在制定出更好的防止水污染计划之前停止这项工程。”   
今天我们讲了两个和throw这个字有关的俗语。第一个是:to throw a wet blanket on something,这是指降低别人的热情,或影响别人的享受。我们讲的另一个俗语是:to throw a monkey wrench,这是指终止原来应该发生的事。
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