Eachone 112-113

第112讲:smell fishy; fish for compliments

新鲜的鱼营养很丰富,味道又鲜美。可惜的是,鱼很容易变质,时间放长了,它就会发臭。今天我们要讲的第一个俗语就和鱼有关,这就是to smell fishy。   
Fish就是鱼,fish后面加一个y,就成了fishy,也就是fish的形容词。To smell fishy的意思是在某一件事情上你感到不太对头,似乎有人在进行欺骗,这时候你就可以说: “It smells fishy.”   
我们现在来举个例子:   
“Somebody offered to sell me some beach property in Florida at a good cheap price. But the deal smelled fishy so I went down to take a look. Sure enough, every time the tide came in, the land was under three feet of water.”   
这个人说:”有一个人要把佛罗里达州海滨的土地卖给我,价钱很便宜。但是,我总觉得这笔交易有点不对头,所以就到那里去看了一看。果然,每当潮水来的时候,这块地就被三英尺深的水淹没了。”   
下面这个例句是一个人在报上看到出售旧汽车的广告,价钱实在便宜,便宜得都让人觉得不太对头了。你猜是怎么回事?   
“It appeared to be a real bargain, but I smelled something fishy because the man was in such a hurry to sell it. I was right–later on I found out the car was stolen.”   
这人说:”价钱可真是便宜,可是这人那么急急忙忙要卖掉让我感到不太对头。我还真是没错,后来我才发现那辆车是偷来的。”   
你可知道,在陆地上,鱼虽然钓不到,但是人们往往想钓别的东西,例如:to fish for compliments。Compliments就是赞扬或者恭维。To fish for compliments就是用一种巧妙的方法来让别人恭维你、赞扬你。下面就是一个例子:   
“Do you notice how Dora always fishes for compliments? She keeps asking the men in the office what they think of her new hairdo, or whether they think her new dress is the right color for her.”   
这个人说:”你有没有注意到多拉是怎么让别人恭维她的?她在办公室里老是问一些男的同事,他们喜不喜欢她的发式,或者她的新衣服的颜色对她是不是合适。”   
下面是一个作家在和一个人说话,他很可能是想要那个人说几句赞扬他的话,尽管他不承认。先听听他是怎么说的,然后你来作判断吧。   
“I hope you don’t think I’m fishing for a compliment, but have you had a chance to read my new book? The reviews are good, but I’d like to hear what you think about it.”   
他说:”我希望你不要以为我是要你恭维我。不过,你有没有看过我的新书?书评倒写的都很好,但是我很想听听你的意见。”   
我们今天讲了两个俗语:to smell fishy和to fish for compliments。To smell fishy是觉得不太对头,to fish for compliments是设法让别人赞扬你。

 

第113讲:turkey; cold turkey

美国人很喜欢吃火鸡。每逢感恩节和圣诞节,火鸡总是家家户户节日盛宴的主菜。有的时候,人们把感恩节称为”火鸡日”。火鸡在英文里就是:turkey。尽管美国人很喜欢吃火鸡,但是大多数人认为火鸡不仅很难看,而且还笨头笨脑的。所以,要是你把某一个人叫做turkey,那就等于说那个人无能、很笨。我们来举个例子吧:   
“I wouldn’t go out on a date with Mary if she was the last woman in the world. She’s such a turkey with that boring personality and stupid grin.”   
这人说:”即便我在世界上找不到其他女人,我也不想约玛丽一起出去玩。她那性格很让人讨厌,还有她那傻笑。她真是个笨蛋。”   
可是,有的人表面上很精明,实际上也是个turkey,就像下面这个办公室主任说的那样:   
“This man came with a good recommendation from his last job, but it turns out he’s just a turkey who simply can’t do anything right!”   
这位主任说:”这个人来的时候,他原来工作的公司还给他写了很好的推荐信。可是,他原来是个笨蛋,干什么都干不好。”   
说到吃火鸡,美国人有的时候吃热的,也有的时候吃冷的。可是,cold turkey作为一个俗语,它的意思就不是冷火鸡肉了。Cold turkey作为俗语的意思是指一些人突然终止某种已经成隐的习惯,如非法吸毒、酗酒或抽烟等。我们用一个烟隐很大的人来做例子吧:   
“You know, for 25 years I smoked two packs a day. But the day a good friend of mine died of lung cancer, I decided to go cold turkey and never light up another cigarette. It was tough, but it was the smartest thing I ever did in my life.”   
他说:”你可知道,我以前每天抽两包烟,抽了二十五年。后来我一个要好朋友因为肺癌而死了。就在他去世的当天,我下定决心戒烟,从此以后我再也没有抽过一支烟。那是很不容易的,可那是我一生中我做的最明智的一件事。”   
从这个例子我们可以看到,cold turkey是指立即全部停止一个行为,而不是逐步的。 下面这个例子也很说明问题:   
“I needed to lose weight quick, so I gave up ice cream, cake and other rich foods cold turkey. And do you know I lost ten pounds in just a little over a month!”   
这个人说:”不久前,我认为我必须要减肥。于是,我就开始不吃奶油、蛋糕和其他热量很高的食品。你知道,仅仅一个多月我就减掉了十磅。”   
我们今天讲了turkey和cold turkey。用turkey这个字来指人,那就是说那个人不聪明、笨头笨脑的意思。Cold turkey是立即停止长期养成的习惯。

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